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Word analysis

joittenka joka   Pron Rel Pl Gen

joka, relative pronoun

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joka / who, which, thatmikä / which, that
SingularPluralSingularPlural
Nom - joka jotka mikä mit
Par -ta jota joita mi -
Gen -n jonka joittenka / joitten / joiden / joidenka min -
Ill mihin johon / jonne / johonka joihin minne / mihin -
Ine -ssa jossa joissa missä -
Ela -sta josta joista mistä -
All -lle jolle joille mille -
Ade -lla jolla joilla millä -
Abl -lta jolta joilta miltä -
Tra -ksi joksi joiksi miksi -
Ess -na jona joina mi -
Abe -tta jotta joitta - -
Com -ne - - - -
Ins -in - join - -
Wiktionary
that / who / which

in context: As a relative pronoun, joka only tends to refer to the previous word or phrase, as opposed to a whole sentence (like mikä). In colloquial usage, this distinction is usually not as clear-cut.
     Fin: Ostin uuden puhelimen, joka on toiminut hyvin.
     Eng: I bought a new phone that has been working well. ("that" refers to the phone)
     Fin: Ostin uuden puhelimen, mikä oli ihan hyvä kokemus.
     Eng: I bought a new phone, which was quite a good experience. ("which" refers to the purchase)
that / who / which

in context: In Eastern Finnish dialects, the indeclinable stem -ka is still used and, thus, the pronoun forms with -ka can occur in standard Finnish on occasion, because it is not a big error to use it: joidenka, jotenka, joihinka, jonneka etc.
every, each

     Fin: Hän käy lenkillä joka päivä.
     Eng: She goes jogging every day.
     Fin: joka kerta
     Eng: every time
     Fin: joka puolella/puolelta/puolelle, joka paikassa/paikasta/paikkaan
     Eng: everywhere
     Fin: joka tapauksessa
     Eng: in any case, at any rate
     Fin: joka toinen vuosi
     Eng: every two years, biennially
Derived terms:
jok'ainoa
joka ainoa
joka ikinen
jokamies
jokapäiväinen
joka toinen

Etymology:
From the pronominal stem jo- + the suffix -ka. The stem jo- is from Proto-Finnic jo (pronominal stem), from Proto-Finno-Permic jo. Related to Karelian joka, Votic jõka, Northern Sami juogọ, Erzya юза тоза (juza toza) and Eastern Mari юж (ûž).
Source: Wiktionary
Examples:
Hän on mies, joka ei pelkää.He is a man who does not fear.
Tämä on kirja, jota en halua lukea.This is a book that I don't want to read.
Talo jossa asun on Helsingissä.The house where I live is in Helsinki.
Sain lahjan, josta on hyötyä.I got a present which is useful ('of which is use').
Ne olivat aikoja, jotka eivät palaa.Those were the times that will never return.
Tapahtumat joista kuulin olivat kauheita.The events which I heard of were terrible.
Se on paras paikka minkä tiedän.It is the best place that I know.
Tässä ovat kirjeet, jotka lähetit minulle.Here are the letters, that you sent to me.
Tuo on kertomus, johon en usko.That is a story that I don't believe.
Tuli sade, mikä esti matkamme.It rained, which prevented our trip.
Se on parasta, mitä minulle on koskaan tapahtunut.It is the best thing that has ever happened to me.
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